In the present study, SWOT-analysis-based strategy development to improve the sustainability of the water resources system in the Mereb-Gash basin (in Eritrea) is carried out. The method employed comprises the selection of representative indicators, their quantitative and qualitative descriptions, and strategy development. The results indicate that the existing water resources system is predominantly overwhelmed by weaknesses rather than strengths. Besides, threats are also expected to dictate the water resources system more than opportunities unless the speed with which the system can adequately respond is made to be more than the rate of change. This is possible because the system is characterized by and subjected to weak social, economic, environmental developments and organizational, legal, and policy gaps. As such, various strategies have been categorically defined, out of which the capitalization of political will and social mobilization to expand hydraulic engineering infrastructures and water resources facilities appears to be the most practicable strategy in the immediate future. It will provide the advantage of preferred methods of transferring technology, capacity-building, and improved water-related ecosystems while reducing the risks of global threats. Finally, the study is constrained by a lack of participatory strategy selection process; hence, an extensive ground-based appraisal that could bring in a broad spectrum of knowledge, experience, social, and environmental concerns shall be considered.

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